Why is the global governance of plastic failing the ocean?

Peter Dauvergne, Global Environmental Change, 2018
All around the world, towns, cities, and legislatures are banning some uses of plastic, such as for grocery bags and as microbeads in consumer products. Yet the amount of plastic flowing into the oceans is on track to double from 2010 to 2025. Why?

Peacebuilding and white-collar crime in post-war natural resource sectors

Philippe Le Billon, Third World Thematics: A TWQ Journal, 2018
Post-war situations can present an opportune context for white-collar crime in resource sectors – including corruption, tax evasion, land dispossession, and illegal resource exploitation. This paper investigates various forms of white-collar crime and associated human rights abuses, and points at biased processes of ‘criminalization’.

The Global Business of Forced Labour: Report of Findings

Genevieve Le Baron, Sheffield Political Economy Research Institute, 2018
Through extensive primary research in the cocoa industry in Ghana and the tea industry in India and with domestic and international business actors, the project generated an original dataset that sheds light on the drivers and patterns of forced labour in agricultural supply chains feeding UK markets.

The trade-ification of the food sustainability agenda

Jennifer Clapp, The Journal of Peasant Studies, 2017
This contribution argues that the food sustainability agenda in global food governance arrangements is becoming ‘trade-ified’. It shows that international trade has become normalized in these settings not only as being compatible with, but also as a key delivery mechanism for, food system sustainability.

Big food, nutritionism, and corporate power

Jennifer Clapp and Gyorgy Scrinis, Globalizations, 2017
Big Food corporations have capitalized on nutritionism—the reduction of food’s nutritional value to its individual nutrients—as a means by which to enhance their power and position in global processed and packaged food markets. Drawing on the literatures on nutrition and corporate power, we show that Big Food companies have used nutritional positioning to bolster their power and influence in the sector.

Governance gaps in eradicating forced labour from global to domestic supply chains

Andrew Crane, Genevieve LeBaron, Jean Allain, and Laya Behbahani, Regulation & Governance, 2017
Little is known about how forced labor arises within domestic supply chains concentrated within national borders, producing products for domestic consumption. We conduct one of the first studies of forced labor in domestic supply chains, through a cross‐industry comparison of the regulatory gaps surrounding forced labor in the United Kingdom.

Private transnational governance in global value chains: contract as a neglected dimension

A. Claire Cutler, Routledge, 2017
Important transformations in the global political economy associated with economic globalization, the advent of flexible and fragmented production, and the growing authority of transnational corporations (TNCs) have contributed to the prominence of global value chains (GVCs), also known as global commodity chains (GCCs), global supply chains and global production networks.